OUR COMPANY is Organic Agriculture and Rural Development (Organic Foundation) is a commercially organized and established in 2009 and registered under section 25 of the companies act 1956.
Our company's mission is to promote Organic Agriculture and Trade related to Organic process by disseminating information and knowledge concerning Organic Agriculture.
Our company's motto is to establish training and demonstration and research centers to advance rural development and health. Bringing a boon in organic agriculture and making organic foods to be present in everyone's kitchen without any class barriers.
Organic Agriculture – A path to safe and healthier future
The global concerns of safe foods have introduced the concept of organic farming. Organic agriculture is an eco- friendly production system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and biological activities. The principle is based on minimal use of off-farm inputs and management practices that restore maintain and enhance ecological balance. Organic Agriculture is much more than simply chemical free. Producing Organic is a commitment to a system which ensures that healthy, nutritious food can be produced year after year without environmental degradation. The primary goal of organic agriculture is to optimize the health and productivity of interdependent communities of soil life, plants, animals and people.
Organic farming is not new to Indian farming community. Several forms of organic farming are being successfully practiced in diverse climate, particularly in rain fed, tribal, mountains and hill areas of the country. Among all farming systems, organic farming is gaining wide attention among farmers, entrepreneurs, policy makers and agricultural scientists for varied reasons such as it minimizes the dependence on chemical inputs (fertilizers; pesticides; herbicides and other agro-chemicals) thus safeguards/improves quality of resources, and it is labour intensive and provides an opportunity to increase rural employment and achieve long term improvements in the quality of resource base. Organic production systems are based on production standards that are formulated for food production which aims at producing socially and ecologically sustainable agro ecosystems.
NEED TO GO FOR ORGANIC
Farming systems can deliver agronomic and environmental benefits both through structural changes and tactical management of farming systems. The benefits of organic farming are relevant both to developed nations (environmental protection, biodiversity enhancement, reduced energy use and CO2 emission) and to developing countries like
Organic food comes from organic farms which rely upon environment friendly technologies and production methods rather than external agricultural inputs. This system means no artificial pesticides, no herbicides, no hormones and no growth promoters or food irradiation. Organic food also prohibits the use of GMO’s – or genetic engineering. Organic agriculture supports and enhances ecologically sound systems of food production that provides food security. There is a growing demand for organic foods in the present market mainly due to its better taste and safety.
ORGANIC CULTIVATION PRACTICE
The indiscriminate and injudicious use of pesticides and chemicals has resulted in several environmental and health hazards and this necessitated the use of eco-friendly approaches and techniques in our farm. Organic Foundation aims at developing feasible and user-friendly programs to help farmers go organic in every sense. The complete package of practices for various crops helps farmers to adopt organic farming effectively by giving set of technologies and practices covering areas like seed selection, storage, pest and disease management, and cultivation techniques. Traditional pest management tactics with indigenous technical knowledge of farmers are reported to be effective in managing pests and diseases to a large extent. When a crop is cultivated organically a buffer zone shall be maintained if the neighboring farms are non-organic. From the seed/plant material selection onwards the system should adhere to organic practices. Soil nutrient management and pest and disease control should be based on environment friendly approaches. The documentation and learning from the past experiences have enabled us to come up with a standard package of practices for a wide range of crops. The packages are delivered to the farmers through training programmes, backed up with user manuals and other consultancy services.
Organic farming requires greater understanding in handling organic manure than conventional farming. From the day of sowing till the harvest, the plants take in several nutrients from the soil. It is highly essential to replace the used nutrients back in the soil for the next season crop and to retain soil fertility. The nutrients required by the plants can be supplied by means of organically available manures such as farmyard manure, green manure, green leaf manure, Vermicompost and Biofertlizers.
The supply of nutrients from organic manures is balanced, which helps to keep plants healthy and strong.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS
The aim of all organic fertilizers is to maintain soil –fertility, to feed the plants with balanced nutrients and to save money. There are four kinds of organic fertilizers: manure, compost, biohumus and green manure. Manure: Manure is the excrement of any type of farm animal. Farms with a lot of animals can produce huge amounts of manure during the year. Depending on the storing technique, nutrients in the manure are available quickly or slowly once applied to the field.
Composting is a method of recycling organic matter mainly composed of plant residues. Through the composting process, these products decompose with the help of microorganisms.
For Biohumus preparation, earthworms are used to transform organic matter in to humus .As earthworms transform organic matter in to excrement with in a short period of time the process can be faster than ordinary composting. The stable crumbs left by worms have a high nutrient content and other good effects on the soil. Worms like all other animals need shelter food and special protection against ants. This makes the production of Biohumus challenging. Green manure
Green manure is plants grown to gather nutrients for the main crops. They are mainly planted during the off-season when no other crops are able to grow. They are gathering nutrients from the soil and air and protecting the soil .Their roots protect the soil from being washed out by introducing nutrients. At the same time they cover the soil with their leaves or residues and protect against erosion.
The use of Biofertlizers is quite important while practicing organic farming. Some of the commonly used Biofertilisers are as follows.
Rhizobium (Bradyrhizobium and Azorhizobium)
It induces better root nodulation and stem nodulation (Azorhizobium) in inoculated plants and thereby brings down the requirement of nitrogen fertilizer for the cultivation of pulses, oil seeds and legume green manures. Commercially it is available as carrier based inoculums. Method of application is seed treatment.
Suitable only for upland crops like vegetables, tapioca, plantation and orchard crops. It is available as carrier –based inoculum.It fixes N about 15-20 kg/ha, under ideal upland conditions. Method of application are seed treatment, seedling dip and direct soil application. It grows well in waterlogged paddy field.
It is suitable for both upland and wet land conditions and is available as carrier- based inoculum.It fixes nitrogen about 20-25 kg per ha.under ideal conditions. Treatment with Azospirillum also induces better root formation in inoculated plants. Hence this biofertilizer is also recommended for root induction in polybag-raised seedlings of plantation and orchard crops and also for vegetable crops.
It is a floating fern grows in the stagnant water of rice fields. This plant contains algae called Anabaena Azolla in the cavities of the fronds. It provides the necessary nutrients and space required for the growth of these algae. In turn the algae provide Azolla with the fixed atmospheric nitrogen and other nutrients essential for its growth. The required quantity of Azolla will have to be raised in the farmers field itself. Fixes nitrogen about 25-30 kg /ha.
If all preventive crop protection practices fail to prevent economic losses, it is necessary to take curative means to control the pest or disease once it has already infested the crop.
Some plants contain components that are toxic to insects. When extracted from plants and applied on the infested crops, these components are called natural pesticides. Most of these pesticides are not very selective, but target a broad range of insects. The toxicity of natural pesticides is usually not very high and they breakdown quickly in the environment. Some natural pesticides are dangerous to humans and they can be very toxic to natural enemies. For example Nicotine, derived from tobacco plant is one of the most toxic organic poisons for humans and animals.Therfore it is now forbidden to use it in organic agriculture. Besides plant extracts, there are other, often commercial natural pesticides, which are permitted in organic agriculture such as sulphur or whitewash
Post harvest Handling for Organic Crops
Optimal-quality organic produce that achieves the desired textural properties, sensory shelf life, and nutritional content is the combined result of careful implementation of recommended production inputs and practices, careful handling at harvest, and appropriate post harvest handling and storage. Under organic production, growers harvest and market their produce at or near peak ripeness more commonly than in many conventional systems. However, organic production often includes more specialty varieties whose shelf lives and shipping traits are reduced or even inherently poor. As a general approach, the following practices can help to maintain quality.
1. Harvest during the coolest time of day to maintain low product respiration.
2. Avoid unnecessary wounding, bruising, crushing, or damage from humans, equipment, or harvest containers.
3. Shade the harvested product in the field to keep it cool. By covering harvest bins or totes with a reflective pad, you greatly reduce heat gain from the sun, water loss, and premature senescence.
4. If possible, move the harvested product into a cold storage facility or post harvest cooling treatment as soon as possible. For some commodities, such as berries, tender greens, and leafy herbs, one hour in the sun is too long.
5. Do not compromise high quality product by mingling it with damaged, decayed, or decay-prone product in a bulk or packed unit.
6. Only use cleaned and, as necessary, sanitized packing or transport containers.
TO START WITH WE PLANNED TO IMPLEMENT IN 300 - 20,000 ACRES ACRES IN AND AROUND TAMILNADU
BUDGET AS FOLLOWS
|EXPENCE||CAPITAL INVESTMENT / RETURN ON INVESTMENT|
|1 year||2 year||3 year||4 year||5 year|
|1000 ACRES Land||6000|
|Tractor - 2||30||40||40||40||40|
|Water tank + bore||30|
|Steel tent gourds||450|
|Goat and Aquaculture||1000||40||40||40||40|
|Rupees in Cr||100||6.5||6.5||6.5||6.5|
LAND UTILIZATION AND DISTRIBUTION
|S.No||land utilization (1000acres)||Acres|
|(both main and intercrop)|
|18||Soft wood production||50|
|MAN POWER||NO||1 day||30 days||1 year|
ORGANIC VEGETABLES AND FRUITS YIELD AND PROFIT CALCULATION
|MAIN CROP||S.No||CROPS CULTIVATION||YEILD/||NO OF HARVEST||YIELD/ACRE/YEAR||TENTATIVE RATE||PRICE||INCOME||NO OF ACRES||TOTAL|
|ACRE||PER YEAR||(TONES)||Rs/TONES||PER/Kg||PER ACRE||CULTIVATION|
|2||BANANA - Poovan||16.19||1||16.19||20000||20||323887||40||12955466|
|8||CORN - Green||12.96||3||38.87||18000||18||699595||100||69959514|
|3||BRINJAL - H||18.22||2||36.44||40000||40||1457490||40||58299595|
|10||BITTER GOURD H||16.19||1||16.19||36000||36||582996||20||11659919|
PROFIT AND LOSS CALCULATION 1 YEAR
|PROFIT AND LOSS CALCULATION (IN LAKHS)|
PROFIT AND LOSS CALCULATION 10 YEAR
|S.No||Particulars||1 Year||2 Year||3 Year||4 Year||5 Year||6 Year||7 Year||8 Year||9 Year||10 Year|
|3||Soft wood production||460||460|
AT PRESENT OUR COMPANY SEEKING FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE / INVESTOR TO IMPLEMENT THIS PROJECT