ORGANIC CULTIVATION FOR HORTICULTURE CROPS AND FRUITS

ORGANIC FARMING

 ABOUT US

          OUR COMPANY  is Organic Agriculture and Rural Development (Organic Foundation) is a  commercially organized and established in 2009 and registered under section 25 of the companies act 1956.

 MISSION

            Our company's mission is to promote Organic Agriculture and Trade related to Organic process by disseminating information and knowledge concerning Organic Agriculture.

 VISION

           Our company's motto is to establish training and demonstration and research centers to advance rural development and health. Bringing a boon in organic agriculture and making organic foods to be present in everyone's kitchen without any class barriers.

 ORGANIZATION

Organic Agriculture – A path to safe and healthier future

           The global concerns of safe foods have introduced the concept of organic farming. Organic agriculture is an eco- friendly production system that promotes and enhances biodiversity, biological cycles and biological activities. The principle is based on minimal use of off-farm inputs and management practices that restore maintain and enhance ecological balance. Organic Agriculture is much more than simply chemical free. Producing Organic is a commitment to a system which ensures that healthy, nutritious food can be produced year after year without environmental degradation. The primary goal of organic agriculture is to optimize the health and productivity of interdependent communities of soil life, plants, animals and people.

  • Need to go for Organic
  • Organic agriculture and food security
  • Organic Cultivation Practices
  • Organic inputs
  • Crop Protection Methods
  • Post harvest handling for Organic Crops
  • Organic Animal Husbandry
  • Organic Aquaculture
  • ORGANIC DYNAMICS
  • Organic Market
  • Organic Certification
  • Organic standards
  • Internal Control System(ICS)
  • Food Safety Management System
 
CONCEPT OF ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

             Organic farming is not new to Indian farming community. Several forms of organic farming are being successfully practiced in diverse climate, particularly in rain fed, tribal, mountains and hill areas of the country. Among all farming systems, organic farming is gaining wide attention among farmers, entrepreneurs, policy makers and agricultural scientists for varied reasons such as it minimizes the dependence on chemical inputs (fertilizers; pesticides; herbicides and other agro-chemicals) thus safeguards/improves quality of resources, and it is labour intensive and provides an opportunity to increase rural employment and achieve long term improvements in the quality of resource base. Organic production systems are based on production standards that are formulated for food production which aims at producing socially and ecologically sustainable agro ecosystems.

 NEED TO GO FOR ORGANIC

           Farming systems can deliver agronomic and environmental benefits both through structural changes and tactical management of farming systems. The benefits of organic farming are relevant both to developed nations (environmental protection, biodiversity enhancement, reduced energy use and CO2 emission) and to developing countries like India (sustainable resource use, increased crop yields without over-reliance on costly external inputs, environment and biodiversity protection, etc.). Organic farming aims at reducing the costs of production and helps the farmers to get reasonable returns. Organic farming is today’s answer not only to sustained productivity, but also to safe and nutritious food, which is increasingly demanded by conscious consumers within and outside India. Organic products also promise better prospects for Market and Trade. There is an ever growing export market for organic products, and also the domestic market in India is emerging. Products that are certified and sold as ‘organic’ can fetch a premium price compared with conventional products.

 

ORGANIC AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY

             Organic food comes from organic farms which rely upon environment friendly technologies and production methods rather than external agricultural inputs. This system means no artificial pesticides, no herbicides, no hormones and no growth promoters or food irradiation. Organic food also prohibits the use of GMO’s – or genetic engineering. Organic agriculture supports and enhances ecologically sound systems of food production that provides food security. There is a growing demand for organic foods in the present market mainly due to its better taste and safety.

 

ORGANIC CULTIVATION PRACTICE

            The indiscriminate and injudicious use of pesticides and chemicals has resulted in several environmental and health hazards and this necessitated the use of eco-friendly approaches and techniques in our farm. Organic Foundation aims at developing feasible and user-friendly programs to help farmers go organic in every sense. The complete package of practices for various crops helps farmers to adopt organic farming effectively by giving set of technologies and practices covering areas like seed selection, storage, pest and disease management, and cultivation techniques. Traditional pest management tactics with indigenous technical knowledge of farmers are reported to be effective in managing pests and diseases to a large extent. When a crop is cultivated organically a buffer zone shall be maintained if the neighboring farms are non-organic. From the seed/plant material selection onwards the system should adhere to organic practices. Soil nutrient management and pest and disease control should be based on environment friendly approaches. The documentation and learning from the past experiences have enabled us to come up with a standard package of practices for a wide range of crops. The packages are delivered to the farmers through training programmes, backed up with user manuals and other consultancy services.

 ORGANIC INPUT

 ORGANIC MANURE

          Organic farming requires greater understanding in handling organic manure than conventional farming. From the day of sowing till the harvest, the plants take in several nutrients from the soil. It is highly essential to replace the used nutrients back in the soil for the next season crop and to retain soil fertility. The nutrients required by the plants can be supplied by means of organically available manures such as farmyard manure, green manure, green leaf manure, Vermicompost and Biofertlizers.

 

ADVANTAGES OF ORGANIC MANURES

 The supply of nutrients from organic manures is balanced, which helps to keep plants healthy and strong.

  1. Soil biological activity is enhanced, which improves nutrient mobilization from organic and mineral sources.
  2. Compost has the potential to suppress soil borne pathogens, when applied to the soil.
  3. Due to better soil structure, root growth and aeration is enhanced.
  4. Organic matter improves the soil capacity to store and exchange nutrients and water.
  5. Organic matter prevents soil acidity.
  6. It increases the water holding capacity of soil.
  7. Organic manure helps in maintaining C: N ratio in the soil and also increases the fertility and productivity of soil.

 

DIFFERENT TYPES OF ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

          The aim of all organic fertilizers is to maintain soil –fertility, to feed the plants with balanced nutrients and to save money. There are four kinds of organic fertilizers: manure, compost, biohumus and green manure. Manure: Manure is the excrement of any type of farm animal. Farms with a lot of animals can produce huge amounts of manure during the year. Depending on the storing technique, nutrients in the manure are available quickly or slowly once applied to the field.

COMPOST

Composting is a method of recycling organic matter mainly composed of plant residues. Through the composting process, these products decompose with the help of microorganisms.

BIOHUMUS

           For Biohumus preparation, earthworms are used to transform organic matter in to humus .As earthworms transform organic matter in to excrement with in a short period of time the process can be faster than ordinary composting. The stable crumbs left by worms have a high nutrient content and other good effects on the soil. Worms like all other animals need shelter food and special protection against ants. This makes the production of Biohumus challenging. Green manure

           Green manure is plants grown to gather nutrients for the main crops. They are mainly planted during the off-season when no other crops are able to grow. They are gathering nutrients from the soil and air and protecting the soil .Their roots protect the soil from being washed out by introducing nutrients. At the same time they cover the soil with their leaves or residues and protect against erosion.

BIOFERTILIZERS

           The use of Biofertlizers is quite important while practicing organic farming. Some of the commonly used Biofertilisers are as follows.

Rhizobium (Bradyrhizobium and Azorhizobium)

           It induces better root nodulation and stem nodulation (Azorhizobium) in inoculated plants and thereby brings down the requirement of nitrogen fertilizer for the cultivation of pulses, oil seeds and legume green manures. Commercially it is available as carrier based inoculums. Method of application is seed treatment.

Azotobacter

           Suitable only for upland crops like vegetables, tapioca, plantation and orchard crops. It is available as carrier –based inoculum.It fixes N about 15-20 kg/ha, under ideal upland conditions. Method of application are seed treatment, seedling dip and direct soil application. It grows well in waterlogged paddy field.

Azospirillum

            It is suitable for both upland and wet land conditions and is available as carrier- based inoculum.It fixes nitrogen about 20-25 kg per ha.under ideal conditions. Treatment with Azospirillum also induces better root formation in inoculated plants. Hence this biofertilizer is also recommended for root induction in polybag-raised seedlings of plantation and orchard crops and also for vegetable crops.

Azolla

           It is a floating fern grows in the stagnant water of rice fields. This plant contains algae called Anabaena Azolla in the cavities of the fronds. It provides the necessary nutrients and space required for the growth of these algae. In turn the algae provide Azolla with the fixed atmospheric nitrogen and other nutrients essential for its growth. The required quantity of Azolla will have to be raised in the farmers field itself. Fixes nitrogen about 25-30 kg /ha.

 

CROP PROTECTION METHODS

          If all preventive crop protection practices fail to prevent economic losses, it is necessary to take curative means to control the pest or disease once it has already infested the crop.

Natural pesticides

         Some plants contain components that are toxic to insects. When extracted from plants and applied on the infested crops, these components are called natural pesticides. Most of these pesticides are not very selective, but target a broad range of insects. The toxicity of natural pesticides is usually not very high and they breakdown quickly in the environment. Some natural pesticides are dangerous to humans and they can be very toxic to natural enemies. For example Nicotine, derived from tobacco plant is one of the most toxic organic poisons for humans and animals.Therfore it is now forbidden to use it in organic agriculture. Besides plant extracts, there are other, often commercial natural pesticides, which are permitted in organic agriculture such as sulphur or whitewash

 

Post harvest Handling for Organic Crops

            Optimal-quality organic produce that achieves the desired textural properties, sensory shelf life, and nutritional content is the combined result of careful implementation of recommended production inputs and practices, careful handling at harvest, and appropriate post harvest handling and storage. Under organic production, growers harvest and market their produce at or near peak ripeness more commonly than in many conventional systems. However, organic production often includes more specialty varieties whose shelf lives and shipping traits are reduced or even inherently poor. As a general approach, the following practices can help to maintain quality.

1. Harvest during the coolest time of day to maintain low product respiration.

2. Avoid unnecessary wounding, bruising, crushing, or damage from humans, equipment, or harvest containers.

3. Shade the harvested product in the field to keep it cool. By covering harvest bins or totes with a reflective pad, you greatly reduce heat gain from the sun, water loss, and premature senescence.

4. If possible, move the harvested product into a cold storage facility or post harvest cooling treatment as soon as possible. For some commodities, such as berries, tender greens, and leafy herbs, one hour in the sun is too long.

5. Do not compromise high quality product by mingling it with damaged, decayed, or decay-prone product in a bulk or packed unit.

6. Only use cleaned and, as necessary, sanitized packing or transport containers.

 

TO START WITH  WE PLANNED TO IMPLEMENT IN 300 - 20,000 ACRES ACRES IN AND AROUND TAMILNADU

BUDGET AS FOLLOWS

EXPENCE CAPITAL INVESTMENT / RETURN ON INVESTMENT
1 year 2 year 3 year 4 year 5 year
1000 ACRES Land 6000        
Tractor - 2 30 40 40 40 40
Building 50 10 10 10 10
Drip 500        
Water tank + bore 30        
Polyhouse 27        
Green house 3        
Running capital 600 500 500 500 500
Steel tent gourds 450        
Machineries 200        
Seeds 20 20 20 20 20
Vehicle  50 20 20 20 20
Fence 1000        
Goat and Aquaculture 1000 40 40 40 40
Salary 40 20 20 20 20
           
TOTAL (lakh) 10000 650 650 650 650
Rupees in Cr 100 6.5 6.5 6.5 6.5

LAND UTILIZATION AND DISTRIBUTION  

S.No land utilization (1000acres) Acres
1 Horticulture crops 500
  (both main and intercrop)  
2 Compost area 25
3 Buildings 10
4 Goat farming  20
5 Goat feed  100
6 Fish pond 50
7 Lab 3
8 Poly house 2
9 Timber Production 200
10 Mushroom cultivation 1
11 Quail farming 1
12 Biofertilizer plant 5
13 Ware house 5
14 Labout quarters 4
15 Office 1
16 Guest house 1
17 R&D lab 2
18 Soft wood production 50
19 Road  20
  Total acres 1000

 

MAN POWER

MAN POWER NO   1 day 30 days 1 year
GENTS 20 450 9000 270000 3240000
LADIES 60 210 12600 378000 4536000
SUPERVISORS 8 13000 104000 3120000 37440000
MANAGER 4 16000 64000 1920000 23040000
DIRECTOR 2 50000 100000 3000000 36000000
Total       8688000 104256000

 ORGANIC VEGETABLES AND FRUITS YIELD AND PROFIT CALCULATION 

 

MAIN CROP S.No CROPS CULTIVATION YEILD/ NO OF HARVEST YIELD/ACRE/YEAR TENTATIVE RATE PRICE INCOME NO OF ACRES TOTAL
ACRE PER YEAR (TONES) Rs/TONES PER/Kg PER ACRE CULTIVATION
1 MANGO 3.24 1 3.24 80000 80 259109 50 12955466
2 BANANA - Poovan 16.19 1 16.19 20000 20 323887 40 12955466
3 LIME 10.12 1 10.12 95000 95 961538 50 48076923
4 GUAVA 10.12 1 10.12 35000 35 354251 50 17712551
5 SAPOTA 10.12 1 10.12 25000 25 253036 50 12651822
6 PAPAYA  40.49 1 40.49 30000 30 1214575 50 60728745
7 POMEGRANET 10.12 1 10.12 160000 160 1619433 50 80971660
8 CORN - Green 12.96 3 38.87 18000 18 699595 100 69959514
INTER CROP 1 TOMATO  16.19 3 48.58 30000 30 1457490 40 58299595
2 BRINJAL 10.12 3 30.36 35000 35 1062753 40 42510121
3 BRINJAL - H 18.22 2 36.44 40000 40 1457490 40 58299595
4 PAPRIKA 14.17 1 14.17 60000 60 850202 40 34008097
5 PUMPKIN 8.10 1 8.10 25000 25 202429 40 8097166
6 SNAKE GOURD 7.29 1 7.29 30000 30 218623 50 10931174
7 RIBBED GOURD 6.07 1 6.07 30000 30 182186 20 3643725
8 BOTTLE GOURD 8.10 1 8.10 40000 40 323887 40 12955466
9 BITTER GOURD  5.67 1 5.67 30000 30 170040 20 3400810
10 BITTER GOURD H 16.19 1 16.19 36000 36 582996 20 11659919
11 ASH GOURD 8.10 1 8.10 24000 24 194332 50 9716599
12 CUCUMBER 3.24 1 3.24 25000 25 80972 60 4858300
13 WATERMELON 10.12 1 10.12 20000 20 202429 100 20242915
341.70 1000 594635628

 

PROFIT AND LOSS CALCULATION 1 YEAR

PROFIT AND LOSS CALCULATION (IN LAKHS)
S.No Particulars Investment Income  Net Profit
  Generated per year
1 Horticulture crops 100 529 429
2 Timber Production     0
3 Softwood production     0
4 Goat farming 75 465 390
5 Fish farming 50 200 150
6 Mushrooom cultiiation 3 5 2
7 Quail farming 5 8 3
8 Other investment     0
  Total 233 1207 974


PROFIT AND LOSS CALCULATION 10 YEAR 

S.No Particulars 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year 4 Year 5 Year 6 Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 Year 10 Year
1 Horticulture crops 429 429 429 429 429 429 429 429 429 429
2 Timber Production                   36000
3 Soft wood production         460         460
4 Goat farming 390 390 390 390 390 390 390 390 390 390
5 Fish farming 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150
6 Mushrooom cultiiation 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
7 Quail farming 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
8 Other investment                    
  Total 974 974 974 974 1434 974 974 974 974 37434

 

   AT PRESENT OUR COMPANY SEEKING FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE / INVESTOR TO IMPLEMENT THIS PROJECT

(LARGE SCALE PRODUCTION OF HORTICULTURE CROPS AND FRUITS UNDER ORGANIC FARMING)
 
WE WARMLY WELCOME ANY INVESTOR TO HAVE JOIN VENTURE WITH US  / INVESTOR 

organic farming under poly house technology

Contact address

Dr.M.Vijay Antony., Ph.D in Biotechnologist

VIJAY ANTONY ORGANIC PRIVATE LIMITED

GM - World One Agro Exports

Trichy, Tamilnadu

INDIA

Mobile: 0091- 8015226847

Email:  drmvijayantony@gmail.com



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